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ntust2008
#1 Posted : Tuesday, October 21, 2008 10:32:06 AM(UTC)
ntust2008

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cac ban than men, de hoc va nho vocabulary hieu qua, cac ban nen hoc tu theo don vi tu (word unit) vi hau het cac tu moi dieu co goc cua no. Bang cach nay khi cac ban hoc mot goc tu ma biet duoc rat nhieu tu neu co cung goc, va cac ban cung co the doan duoc nghia khi gap lan dau. Minh gui cho cac ban mot vi du, neu thay thich thi minh se gui tiep nhe.

-ability

(Latin: a suffix expressing ability, capacity, fitness, or "that which may be easily handled or managed" )

 

cultivable, cultivability
Capable of undergoing cultivation: cultivable land.
demonstrable, demonstrability
1. The capability of being demonstrated or logically proven.
2. Obvious or apparent: Her lies were demonstrable.
3. So obvious as to be readily recognized.
4. Capable of being shown to exist or to be true: "There was demonstrable proof that he set the fire."
denumerable, denumerability
1. Capable of being put into one-to-one correspondence with the positive integers; countable.
2. That which can be counted; "countable sins"; "numerable assets"; synonyms: countable, enumerable, numerable.
desirability
1. The quality of being worthy of desiring.
2. Attractiveness to the opposite sex.
detestable, detestability
1. Causing or deserving intense dislike.
2. Inspiring or deserving abhorrence or scorn.
3. Referring to what elicits or deserves strong dislike, distaste, or revulsion.
disability
A condition in which someone is unable to perform because of physical or mental incompetence.
durability
Permanence by virtue of the power to resist stress or force; capable of lasting for a long time.
educability
Capacity for being educated.
fecundability
The probability that a woman who is neither pregnant nor in postpartum amenorrhea will conceive during a given menstrual cycle.
fermentable, fermentability
Capable of being fermented; capable of causing fermentation.
fetal viability
The ability of a fetus to survive outside the womb.

Historically, a fetus was considered to be capable of living at the end of gestational week twenty when the mother felt fetal movement (quickening) and the fetal heart tones could be auscultated with a fetoscope.

In reality, even with prompt and intensive neonatal support, a preterm fetus of less than twenty-five weeks' gestation has little chance of surviving outside the womb.

hyperirritability
1. Extreme irritability.
2. Excessive response to a stimulus.
impalpable, impalpably, impalpability
1. Not palpable; incapable of being perceived by the sense of touch; intangible.
2. Difficult for the mind to grasp readily or easily; such as, impalpable distinctions.
3. With reference to a powder, so fine that when rubbed between the fingers no grit is felt.
4. Impossible of being detected by touch; extremely fine, or small.
impeccable, impeccability, impecably
1. So perfect or flawless as to be beyond criticism.
2. So perfect in character as to be incapable of sinning.
improbability
1. Not likely to be true or to occur or to have occurred.
2. The quality or condition of being improbable; unlikelihood.
3. Something improbable or unlikely.
inability
Lack of ability, capacity, means, or power.
inalienability
1. That which cannot be transferred to another or to others.
2. Incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another.
3. Not subject to forfeiture.
inalterable, inalterability
1. Not capable of being changed or altered.
2. Impossible to alter; unchangeable.
incogitability
The quality of being unthinkable; incapable of being thought.
incurability
1. The condition in which a cure is impossible; not curable: an incurable disease.
2. Incapable of being altered, as in disposition or habits.
ineffable, ineffability
1. Incapable of being expressed in words.
2. Too great, or extreme, to be expressed or described in words.
inflammability
1. Easily ignited and capable of burning rapidly; flammable.
2. Quickly or easily aroused to strong emotion; excitable.

Historically, flammable and inflammable mean the same thing; however, the presence of the prefix in- has misled many people into assuming that inflammable means "not flammable" or "noncombustible".

The prefix in- as used in inflammable is not, however, the Latin negative prefix in-, which is related to the English un- and that appears in such words as indecent and inglorious.

The in- used in "inflammability" is an intensive prefix derived from the Latin preposition in. This prefix also appears in the word enflame, but many people are not aware of this derivation, and for clarity's sake it is advisable to use only flammable to give warnings.

insatiability
1. Incapable of being satisfied or appeased.
2. Impossible to satiate or to satisfy.
instability
The quality or attribute of being unstable to function properly and to being irresolute; unreliability.
insuperable, insuperability, insuperableness
1. Impossible to overcome, to get rid of, or to deal with successfully; insurmountable; such as, insuperable odds.
2. The quality or state of being insuperable, battling insuperable odds.
3. Incapable of being passed over, overcome, or surmounted; such as, an insuperable barrier.
intolerability
1. Impossible to tolerate or to endure; unbearable, unendurable.
2. Completely unacceptable.
laudability
Praiseworthiness; worthy of praise.
malleable, malleability, malleableness
1. Capable of being shaped by being beaten or by pressure; a property of certain metals such as gold and silver.
2. Having the characteristics of being beaten out into a thin plate.
3. Having the property (possessed by certain substances, especially metals) of being deprived of form by hammering or pressure, without a tendency or capacity to return to it, or to fracture.
4. Capable of being fashioned or adapted.
manageable, manageability, manageableness, manageably
That which can be managed or controlled: "These are manageable problems."
operable, operability
1. A situation in which an operation is possible; such as, an operable machine.
2. The possibility of putting something into practice; practicable: an operable plan.
3. Treatable by surgical operation with a reasonable degree of safety and chance of success; an operable cancer.

Edited by user Monday, March 04, 2013 2:40:46 PM(UTC)  | Reason: Not specified

Huynh Cong Lon,
Room 307, Dorm 3, NTUST, 43 keelung road, section 4, Taipei, Taiwan
 1 user thanked ntust2008 for this useful post.
thanhlinh9191 on 7/19/2011(UTC)
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moon light
#2 Posted : Wednesday, October 22, 2008 5:43:06 AM(UTC)
moon light

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Một cách học hiệu quả! Mình thấy bài reading trong phần thi này của TOEFL rất dài, từ vựng thì phần lớn là... thấy lần đầu tiên, nên việc học từ theo các này giúp ích rất nhiều, nếu không biết được nghĩa chính xác thì cũng biết từ loại hay một vài thông tin để đoán. Cảm ơn bạn nhiều, bạn chia sẻ thêm cho mình học hỏi với nhé!

"Pay it forward!"
ntust2008
#3 Posted : Friday, October 24, 2008 4:09:10 PM(UTC)
ntust2008

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Hom nay minh gui them mot goc tu cung lien quan toi goc tu -ability nhe, do la -able

-able

(Latin: a suffix; capable of, able to, can do)

 

A suffix that forms adjectives. The suffix -ible has related meanings; expressing ability, capacity, fitness; capable of, fit for, able to be done, can be done, inclined to, tending to, given to.

This list is only a small sample of the thousands of -able words that exist in English.

 

-able (uh buhl; depending on word to which it is attached)
A suffix that forms adjectives from verbs and nouns.
1. That which can be — ed: Enjoyable = that which can be enjoyed.
2. Giving —; suitable for —: Comfortable = giving comfort.
3. Inclined to — ed: Peaceable = inclined to peace.
4. Deserving to be — ed: Lovable = deserving to be loved.
5. Liable to be — ed: Breakable = liable to be broken.
abolishable
Anything which can be annulled, abrogated, or destroyed; such as, a law, a rite, a custom, etc.
abominator
1. Someone who intensely hates or loathes.
2. Anyone who thoroughly detests or abhors.
accountable
1. Subject to the obligation to report, to explain, or to justify something; being responsible; answerable.
2. Capable of being explained; explicable; explainable.
acidifiable
Capable of being converted into, or of combining so as to form, an acid.
acquaintable
Easy to be acquainted with; affable.
adorable
1. Charming, lovable, and usually very attractive.
2. Etymology: from French adorer, "to adore, to worship"; from Latin adorare, "to speak to, to entreat, to ask in prayer, to worship"; from ad-, "to" and orare, "to speak, to pray".
advisable
 
affable
Easy of conversation or address; civil and courteous in receiving and responding to the conversation or address of others; especially, inferiors or equals; accostable, courteous, complaisant, benign.
affirmable
That which can be affirmed or which can be agreed to, verified, or concurred with; to answer positively: "His sister was affirmable when she was asked if she would go with her parents."
agglutinable
Capable of agglutilnation (the process of union in the healing of a wound).
agitable
Capable of being agitated, easily moved, or disturbed.
alienable
1. Transferable to another owner.
2. Capable of being transferred by a legal process to another owner.
alterable
Capable of being changed.
ameliorable
Capable of being ameliorated.
amendable
That which can be amended, corrected, bettered, repaired, or make amends for.
amiable
1. Friendly and agreeable in feeling and disposition; showing good will; good-natured and likeable.
2. Cordial; sociable; congenial; such as, "an amiable gathering".
amicable
1. Characterized by or exhibiting friendliness or good will; friendly.
2. Relating to behavior between people that is pleasant and friendly, often despite a difficult situation; such as, "His manner was perfectly amicable but I still felt uncomfortable."
3. Relating to an agreement or decision that is achieved without arguments or unpleasantness; as in, "Few people have amicable divorces but eventually this couple separated amicably.
anticipatable
1. To expect an advance thought, discussion, or treatment to.
2. To look forward to (an obligation) before a due date.
3. To foresee and to deal with in advance; to forestall.
4. To use or expend in advance of actual possession.
5. To act before (another) often so as to check or counteract something.
applicable
 
apportable
Capable of being brought forward, or produced.
approvable
1. Capable of being approved.
2. Worthy of being approved; commendable.
assailable
Not defended or capable of being defended.
attainable
 
available
1. Accessible for use; at hand.
2. Having the qualities and the willingness to take on a responsibility.
avoidable
1. Capable of being avoided or warded off.
2. That which may be avoided, left at a distance, shunned, or escaped.
3. Anything which may be vacated; liable to be annulled.
avouchable
That which is capable of being avouched to or verified.
avowable, avowableness
Capable of being avowed, or openly acknowledged, with confidence.
biodegradable
1. Anything that is susceptible to the decomposing action of living organisms, especially of bacteria; which are occasionally broken down by biochemical processes in the body.
2. Denoting a substance that can be chemically degraded or decomposed by natural processes (for example: weather, soil bacteria, plants, animals) without harming the environment. Also, biodeterioration.
3. Describing organic compounds that are able to be decomposed by bacteria and other micro-organisms; such as, the constituents of sewage, as compared with non-biodegradable compounds; such as, most plastics.
biodestructable
Capable of being decomposed into harmless elements without danger to the environment.
 

Huynh Cong Lon,
Room 307, Dorm 3, NTUST, 43 keelung road, section 4, Taipei, Taiwan
 1 user thanked ntust2008 for this useful post.
teikod on 3/3/2012(UTC)
lacnhiproject
#4 Posted : Friday, October 31, 2008 6:19:49 AM(UTC)
lacnhiproject

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 Em chưa hiểu rõ lắm về cách học kiểu này ..đọc hoài mà không hiểu nên học thế nào cho tốt...em nghe 1 số người học từ theo nhóm ví dụ như 

sima

simian

similar 

có phải cách học đó sẽ nhanh hơn không.....còn cách học trên học theo gốc là thế nào ..anh có thể nói rõ hơn 1 chút vế cách học đó không..và cách học theo nhóm anh thấy thế nào...và nhân tin chân thành cho em xin bí quyết học thế nào để nhớ từ vựng dễ và lâu 

thanhtruc_panda
#5 Posted : Friday, October 31, 2008 3:02:19 PM(UTC)
thanhtruc_panda

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lacnhiproject wrote:

 Em chưa hiểu rõ lắm về cách học kiểu này ..đọc hoài mà không hiểu nên học thế nào cho tốt...em nghe 1 số người học từ theo nhóm ví dụ như 

sima

simian

similar 

có phải cách học đó sẽ nhanh hơn không.....còn cách học trên học theo gốc là thế nào ..anh có thể nói rõ hơn 1 chút vế cách học đó không..và cách học theo nhóm anh thấy thế nào...và nhân tin chân thành cho em xin bí quyết học thế nào để nhớ từ vựng dễ và lâu 

   

Học từ trên cách "học theo gốc" là để giúp mình đoán từ đó bạn. Thay vì đoán mò, có những từ gốc như vậy mình có thể đoán gần đúng với nghiã thực sự cuả từ hơn.

   1) Ví dụ như câu:

He's quite capable of lying to get out of trouble.

                              Giả dụ như ta đã biết nghiã cuả những chữ quite = hoàn toàn, lye = nói dối, ... còn chữ capable không biết nghiã là gì. Đoán đại nha: dịch câu này: "Anh ấy hoàn toàn ... trong việc nói dối để thoát khỏi rắc rối": chữ capable có thể là: biết cách xoay sở, "chuyên nghiệp", "có tài", ...

            Nhưng nếu bạn học từ vựng theo gốc, bạn sẽ dưạ vào chữ -able cuả từ đó, mang nghiã là: a sufficx; capable of, able to, can do (như bạn ntust2008 đã ghi ) -> từ capable có nghiã là có khả năng làm một việc gì đó. Kiểm tra lại trong từ điển xem: capable = có khả năng, có năng lực, thạo, giỏi, ... (đoán gần đúng rồi thấy chưa?    )

    2) Ví dụ khác: Anthropology is the study of humans now or at any time in the past.

            Chẳng biết anthropology là cái gì, chỉ biết chắc nó là danh từ và đóng vai trò là chủ từ.

- Đoán đại: có thể nó là một con gì đó, cái gì đó, hay có thể là tên cuả ai đó chẳng hạn. Nhưng cũng không phải vì sau đó là cụm từ the study of humans (cụm từ này giống như một lời định nghiã cho từ anthropology ) => nó có nghiã là một môn học nào đó nghiên cứu về loài người.

- Dưạ vào từ gốc: hậu tố (suffix) -logy là cái đuôi cuả các môn khoa học, nghiên cưú gì đó: archeaology, psychology, astrology, biology, ... còn hậu tố (prefix) anthro- là cái gì đó liên quan đến con người: anthropic, anthropogenetic, anthropogeny, anthropoid, ... => ghép 2 cái này lại thành: Anthropology nghiã là môn học nghiên cứu (điều gì đó ) về con người.

 

Edited by user Friday, October 31, 2008 3:29:38 PM(UTC)  | Reason: Not specified

ntust2008
#6 Posted : Wednesday, November 05, 2008 9:04:31 AM(UTC)
ntust2008

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Chao ban, chac ban da hieu ro cach hoc theo goc tu roi phai khong? vi ban Thanhtruc_panda da giai thich rat ky roi. O day minh chi bo sung them mot y nho do la ban khong can hoc tat ca cac vi du ma minh ghi, ban chi can nho goc cua tu thoi, de sau nay khi gap tu moi hoac cung co the la tu cu ban da hoc roi nhung da quen, dua vao goc tu no se giup ban suy doan nghia hoac goi nho cho ban. Theo nhu minh biet thi hau het cac tu deu co goc tu cua no, nen neu ban biet duoc cang nhieu goc tu ban se cang biet duoc nhieu tu moi.

Con ve cach nao de hoc hieu qua va nho tu moi thi minh cung chi co gang doc that nhieu tai lieu bang tieng anh, khi gap tu moi ban khong nen tra tu dien ngay, ma co gang doan nghia cua no trong ngu canh, va cu tiep tuc doc, neu ban gap lai tu do trrong ngu canh khac ma ban van chua doan duoc nghia chinh xac thi hay tra tu dien va so sanh voi nghia ma ban da doan, lam nhu the se giup ban nho duoc tu moi rat tot. Chuc ban thanh cong.

lacnhiproject wrote:

 Em chưa hiểu rõ lắm về cách học kiểu này ..đọc hoài mà không hiểu nên học thế nào cho tốt...em nghe 1 số người học từ theo nhóm ví dụ như 

sima

simian

similar 

có phải cách học đó sẽ nhanh hơn không.....còn cách học trên học theo gốc là thế nào ..anh có thể nói rõ hơn 1 chút vế cách học đó không..và cách học theo nhóm anh thấy thế nào...và nhân tin chân thành cho em xin bí quyết học thế nào để nhớ từ vựng dễ và lâu 

Huynh Cong Lon,
Room 307, Dorm 3, NTUST, 43 keelung road, section 4, Taipei, Taiwan
ntust2008
#7 Posted : Wednesday, November 05, 2008 9:32:22 AM(UTC)
ntust2008

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Hoc them 2 goc tu nua nhe, ky nay minh se gui it vi du cho moi goc tu thoi, de cac ban khoi nham lan giua hoc goc tu va tu cu the.

academ-

(Greek > Latin: [originally, Academus/Akademus, a name of a hero in Greek mythology; then it became a gymnasium near Athens where Plato taught])

 

In the beginning, academy referred to the "olive grove of Academus" or "the groves of Academe". Plato established his school in 387 B.C. Music, philosophy, and literature were taught there. Some accounts say that Plato sat on the ground and taught while resting against the trunk of an olive tree.

Now academies generally exist as private-secondary schools, military institutions; as art, literary, and scientific societies; and institutions in the entertainment world. According to John Ayto, the more general meanings "college, place of training" derive from French.

 

academe
A place of learning; especially, a college or university.
academia
Scholars and students of the academic world and their activities.
academic
1. Connected with education, educational studies, an educational institution, or the educational system.
2. Scholarly and intellectual.
3. Theoretical and not of any practical relevance.
4. Using the conventional techniques or emphasizing the formal aspects of an art form; such as, painting or poetry.
5. Designed for students who intend to study at a college after high school, or attending a school with such courses.
6. Someone teaching or conducting research at an institution of higher learning.
7. Someone with a scholarly background or attitudes.
academical
1. Belonging to an academy or other higher institution of learning; scholarly; literary or classical, rather than technical or vocational.
2. Belonging to the school or philosophy of Plato; as, the Academic sect or philosophy.
academician
A member of an academy or society concerned with the arts or sciences.
academicism, academism
Artistry that relies on conventional techniques or emphasises the formal aspects of an art form; such as, painting or poetry.
academy
1. A formal society whose purpose is to promote a particular aspect of knowledge or culture.
2. An educational institution devoted to a particular subject; such as, a military academy.
3. A secondary or high school, usually a private one (usually used in school names).
4. The academic community; especially, scholars at colleges and universities.
5. An association or institution for the advancement of art, literature, or science; such as, the National Academy of Arts and Letters.
6. A group of authorities and leaders in a field of scholarship, art, etc., who are often permitted to dictate standards, prescribe methods, and criticize new ideas.

-acity

(Latin: a suffix; quality of)

 

A suffix that forms nouns of quality or state. There are hundreds of other -acity suffixes; however, the following will present significant examples.

 

audacity
1. Boldness, fearless daring, intrepidity; confidence.
2. Boldness which is combined with disregard for the consequences; venturesomeness, rashness, recklessness.
3. Open disregard of the restraints of decorum or morality; effrontery, impudence, shamelessness.
4. Aggressive boldness or unmitigated effrontery: "She had the audacity to challenge my decision."
bellacity
 
bibacity
1. The practice or habit of drinking too much; tippling.
2. An addiction to drink.
capacity
Ability to receive, hold, or absorb; the maximum amount that can be contained or produced.
carnivoracity
Having a greediness of appetite for flesh (meat).
carnivoracity
An appetite for flesh.
contumacity
 
efficacity
 
fallacity
 
furacity, furacious, furaciousness
1. Given to thieving, thievish; theft.

2. Inclination or tendency to steal.

These words have nothing to do with the other words in this unit of "rage" words!

grandiloquacity
Characterized by producing lofty or bombastic speech.
inaudacity
Lack of boldness or resolution, timidity.

 

 

Huynh Cong Lon,
Room 307, Dorm 3, NTUST, 43 keelung road, section 4, Taipei, Taiwan
ntust2008
#8 Posted : Wednesday, September 16, 2009 3:46:16 PM(UTC)
ntust2008

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Was thanked: 23 time(s) in 6 post(s)

 

Hom nay minh post them 2 don vi tu de cac ban tham khao nhe:

1) -gate

abnegate
To give up or to surrender.
 
abrogate
1. To abolish or to annul by authority; to nullify, to cancel: "Congress must abrogate the new tax law."
2. To repeal, to annul, or to abolish something formally and publicly; especially, a law.
 
aggregate
1. Collected together from different sources and considered as a whole.
2. Describes a mixture of minerals or rock fragments that resembles rock.
3. A total considered with reference to its constituent parts; a gross amount.
 
alligate
1. To tie together; to unite by some tie.
2. To attach; to bind.
 
circumnavigate
1. To sail or to fly around something; such as, the world or an island.
2. To go around; to circumvent.
congregate
1. To come together in a group, or to gather people or animals into a group, crowd, or assembly.
2. To collect or to separate people or things into an assemblage; to assemble.
3. To bring into one place, or into a crowd or united body; such as, to congregate humans or animals.
bifurgate
To divide (or fork) into two branches.
 
2) de-
The prefix de- has various meanings in the words that are formed, including: from, away from, off; down; wholly, entirely, utterly, complete; reverse the action of; undo; the negation or reversal of the notion expressed in the primary word, etc.
 
decide
1. To make a choice or come to a conclusion about something: "We decided not to go after all."
2. To make someone choose what to do or come to a conclusion about something.
3. To bring something to an end in a definite or obvious way: "The final goal decided the contest."
4. To come to a verdict or judgment.
5. Directly or via French décider from Latin decidere "cut off" from caedere "cut".

deciduous
1. Falling off or the shedding at a specific season; such as, trees and bushes that shed their leaves in the fall.
2. Describes the teeth, antlers, or wings of animals and birds that are shed after a stage of development.
 
decompose
1. To separate into constituent parts, or to cause something to separate into its constituent parts.
2. To break down organic matter from a complex to a simpler form, mainly through the action of fungi and bacteria, or to be broken down in this way.
3. To break something down into smaller or simpler parts.
 
decompress
1. To cause a reduction in the atmospheric pressure of an enclosed space, or to experience such a reduction.
2. To allow a substance to expand to normal dimensions or volume by the removal of pressure, or to undergo this process.
3. To relax or to unwind; especially, after being busy or stressed.
 
dedicate
1. To give up earnestly, seriously, or wholly, to a particular person or specific purpose; to assign or appropriate; to devote.
2. To inscribe or address (a book, engraving, piece of music, etc.) to a patron or friend, as a compliment, mark of honor, regard, or affection.
 
deflate
1. To let out air or gas from an inflatable object with the result that it shrinks or collapses, or to lose air or gas.
2. To destroy somebody's confidence or to make someone less self-assured or conceited.
3. To show that a theory or argument is wrong.
 
delete
1. To remove or to make invisible: "By all means, delete my name from your list".
2. Wipe out magnetically recorded information.
3. To score out or to erase something that is printed or written by striking out or canceling.
4. To erase or to remove something from a computer file or disk.
 


 

Edited by user Wednesday, September 16, 2009 3:48:37 PM(UTC)  | Reason: Not specified

Huynh Cong Lon,
Room 307, Dorm 3, NTUST, 43 keelung road, section 4, Taipei, Taiwan
carrot09
#9 Posted : Thursday, September 17, 2009 8:00:54 AM(UTC)
carrot09

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