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SmallPuppy
#1 Posted : Wednesday, April 23, 2008 6:07:51 AM(UTC)
SmallPuppy

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Joined: 4/23/2008(UTC)
Posts: 2

Khac nhau giua: say-tell-talk-speak, Home-house

Mình không biết phân biệt giữa các từ trên, khi nào thì dùng từ nào. Ai có thể giải thích cho mình không? Cảm ơn rất nhiều.

Edited by user Wednesday, April 23, 2008 11:19:33 AM(UTC)  | Reason: Not specified

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fight2thlast
#2 Posted : Wednesday, April 23, 2008 4:43:43 PM(UTC)
fight2thlast

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Say/ tell/ speak/ talk

1. say:

We use  say to report or refer the exact words that someone used.

Eg: He said, “I adore  you”.

Eg2: How do you say “I love you” in Vietnamese ?

Eg3: He said he would wait until you come.   (reporting)

+ Say is not normally followed by an object.

Eg: don’t say:  She said a story, but say:  She told a story.

Eg: don’t say: She said a lie, but say: She told a lie. 

+ common use:  

     -  say “…..”

     -  say  (that) ….

2. Tell

We use tell to report the contents of what someone said, rather than the exact words that they used.

+ Common use:

      - Tell  S/O    Sth

      - Tell S/O  that/how/what….

      - tell a lie

+ Notice: Tell  must be followed by a pronoun or person without to.

Eg: He told me that he adore me.  (not  told to me)

+ Confusing usage:

Say  Sth   to   S/O:     I said her to move slowly.

Tell  S/O  about Sth:  I told her about Nancy.

Say to do Sth  =  Tell S/O to do Sth/

Eg: Nancy said to meet her at 3:00pm / Nancy told you to meet her at 3:00pm

3.  speak

We use speak with languages, on the phone, and in formal situations.

Eg: (language)   she speaks fluent Chinese.

Eg2: (on phone)  Hello, this is fight2thlast speaking. Could I speak to Smallpuppy, please?

Eg3: (event, program, formal situation)    The president is speaking on TV tonight.

4. Talk:

We use talk in an informal chat, conversation, or discussion.

Eg: Sorry, I can’t talk to you. I am busy at the moment.

Eg2: What does this lesion talk about ?

(but:  what does this story tell about ?)

Notice:

+ When someone is saying things, either talk or speak can be used, but talk is more usual while speak is more literary.

Eg: She told about her job.    (just to give information, express emotion)

Eg2: She talked about her job.  (more serious)

Eg3: He spoke longingly of his home country.

 

(reference:

1/ Longman dictionary of Contemporary English, 2005

2/ Upper-intermediate pocket book - International express, OXFORD)

Edited by user Wednesday, April 23, 2008 4:46:55 PM(UTC)  | Reason: Not specified

 2 users thanked fight2thlast for this useful post.
lanpham4995 on 1/5/2013(UTC), Phuc Cao on 6/2/2013(UTC)
SmallPuppy
#3 Posted : Thursday, April 24, 2008 1:06:47 AM(UTC)
SmallPuppy

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Joined: 4/23/2008(UTC)
Posts: 2

Cảm ơn anh fight2thlast rất nhiều. giờ em đã bắt đầu hiểu.

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